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Drafting a Sharia Compliant Islamic Will and Estate Plan in Pennsylvania

Posted on Sun Mar 15, 2015, on Estate Planning

From our “Ask a Question” Mailbag: Sharia Compliant Islamic Pennsylvania Estate Planning

Most Recently Updated July 10, 2018.

“Are you familiar with Sharia compliant estate planning? I need to find an attorney who will be familiar with my religious beliefs.”

sharia

Sharia Compliant Islamic Pennsylvania Estate Planning

Sharia Compliant Islamic Pennsylvania Estate Planning

At Klenk Law, we are often asked to incorporate our client’s religious principles into their estate plan. Recently we have noticed a significant increase in inquiries regarding Sharia-Compliant Wills, which is an excellent topic for discussion.

Source of Principles

The four sources for the principles that guide Sharia-Compliant Wills are the Qur’an, Sunnah, Ijma and the Qiyas. The rules laid out in these sources are complex and context specific. Inheritance plays an important role in the Islamic tradition. The Prophet Muhammad said, “It is the duty of every Muslim who has something which is to be given as a bequest not to have it for two nights without having his will written down regarding it.”

So, what are the basic rules, and how are they applied?

Basics of a Compliant Will

Sharia Compliant Wills follow a strict formula based on the number and gender of the relatives and descendants left behind. However, before property is to be left to heirs, certain other steps must be taken. Because of this, it is important to understand the compliance rules. 

First, all debts and expenses of the estate must be settled before any distribution of estate assets happens. The first debt that must be paid is the cost of the funeral, followed by any debts to individuals and organizations. This includes any unpaid portion of a deceased male’s marriage gift to his wife, known as a mahr. Importantly, only after this has occurred, can the estate be divided and distributed among heirs.

Wasiyya Bequest

The Wasiyya Bequest is an opportunity for every Muslim to bequeath assets to those who would not otherwise inherit under the Sharia Inheritance. However, this portion of the estate is limited to 1/3rd of a person’s property and never any larger amount. It is frequently used to provide a gift to charity, to friends or other organizations close to the deceased. Also, this can be used to give money to adopted children who would not otherwise be qualified to inherit under Sharia law.

Sharia Inheritance

The final portion of the estate plan is the Sharia Inheritance. This is the context-specific, thorny issue that requires a full understanding of the deceased’s family tree at the time of death. The ultimate disposition is dependent on the deceased’s madhhab. The most typical situations would be as follows:

Wife Survives with Children1/8th to Wife
Remainder to Children, with sons receiving twice as much as daughters
Husband Survives with Children1/4th to Husband
Remainder to Children, with sons receiving twice as much as daughters
No Spouse Survives, Only ChildrenRemainder to Children, with sons receiving twice as much as daughters

As you can see, the amount of inheritance one receives depends both on the gender and the living members of the deceased’s family. So, if a man died with a spouse and son, the son receives substantially more. 

Informational

This is a brief primer on the fundamentals of Sharia-Compliant Wills. A full understanding takes dedicated learning and understanding of the theological background and practical issues. Therefore, it is best to speak with an experienced estate planning attorney. 

More Planning Questions?

Sharia-compliant Islamic Pennsylvania Estate Planning is only a piece of the Estate Planning process. By all means, if you want to learn more, please read my more detailed article, Estate Planning Everything You Need to Know. But, you can also always call us for a free consult. 

In Conclusion: Sharia Compliant Islamic Pennsylvania Estate Planning

I hope that this article was helpful in explaining Sharia-compliant Islamic Pennsylvania Estate Planning. Further, I included links to even more detailed information on my website so you can learn more. Therefore, please contact me and let me know how I did. Certainly, your comments and questions are welcome!

Let our Estate Planning lawyers help walk you through what can be a confusing process. To begin with, call to speak to one of our experienced estate planning lawyers.  By all means, our lawyers are ready to answer your questions. In fact, feel free to contact our office for a free consultation. Ultimately, our goal is to make the process as painless as possible!

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