Klenk Law

Tag: Special Needs Trust

What is a Special Needs Trust?

Posted on Sun Dec 4, 2016, on Special Needs Estate Planning

From Our “Ask a Question” mailbag: “What is a Special Needs Trust?”

A Special Needs Trust is a trust designed to hold assets for a person receiving needs-based government benefits. The person who benefits from the trust is the “beneficiary.” Typically, the beneficiary is an individual with physical or mental disabilities who qualifies for needs-based benefits, such as Medicaid. Giving this person money or making them an heirwould disqualify them. Special Needs Trusts were created to hold assets for these people without excluding them from the benefits. A Special Needs Trust allows you to look out for your loved one by providing them with the little extras that will improve their life.

I want to leave my Special Needs Child money when I die, but I don’t want to disqualify her for Medicaid. What can I do?

Posted on Sat Dec 26, 2015, on Special Needs Estate Planning

From our “Ask a Question” mailbag: My adult daughter is a Special Needs Child who has always lived in Burlington County, New Jersey. She will likely always live here and always need care. She is currently eligible for and using Medicaid. When I die, I want to leave her some money, but I don’t want to disqualify her for Medicaid. What can I do?

Explaining Special Needs Trust and Inheritance Tax

Posted on Tue Oct 27, 2015, on Special Needs Trust

From our “Ask a Question” mailbag: I want to form a Special Needs Trust for my daughter in my will, to be funded at my death. Will the money I put into the Special Needs Trust be subject to the Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax?

The Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax rate for transfers to children is 4.5%. This tax is payable whether you give the child money outright or if you place the money in a trust. A Special Needs Trust is an Irrevocable Trust that has the added language allowing the money to be available for a Special Needs Person’s care, but still allows that person to qualify for Medicaid.

Who gets the remainder of my son’s Special Needs Trust?

Posted on Thu Oct 22, 2015, on Special Needs Trust

From our “Ask a Question” mailbag: I am planning to set up a Special Needs Trust for my son and place a gift in the trust each year to help provide care for my son after my death. If he dies without the entire amount being used, whom can I name as the beneficiary?

If I have the facts correct, you are thinking about forming an Irrevocable Trust for your son during your lifetime (“inter vivos”) and then placing money into the trust every year to create a pool of funds to provide care for your son after your death. I also assume, in order to provide the maximum tax benefits, you will use Crummey Powers to make these transfers free of Federal Estate Tax, and you will not serve as trustee.

Philadelphia Special Needs Trust and PA Inheritance Tax

Posted on Fri Oct 9, 2015, on Special Needs Estate Planning

From our “Ask a Question” mailbag: My son is a special needs child and I have formed a Special Needs Trust in my will for his care. How do I fund this Trust without paying the Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax?

If you are unable to fund the trust until your death, then the only way to fund the trust without paying the 4.5% Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax on transfers to children (or to trusts for children) is to use life insurance.

Thanks to a skilled lobbying group, life insurance is exempt from the Pennsylvania Inheritance Tax.

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